As soon as Spain takes possession of the lands in the New World, a commercial flow starts between the two continents, run by merchants who seek the means to obtain high profits from selling their products.
The Crown establishes a monopoly forbidding its American subjects to engage in any kind of trade with any other country. The products from the colonies must be negotiated and transported by Spaniards and at the same time, all imported goods must come from the peninsula and, in both cases, they must follow previously established routes.
From then on and during almost three centuries of Spanish rule, the Crown must brave pirates, privateers and buccaneers, a multifaced enemy that taints the Caribbean Sea. The Crown is forced to defend the fleets of merchant galleons that cross the Atlantic and to fortify the coastal ports and cities.
From the 16th century until the first half of the 17th century,
it is the ship most used in war and transoceanic voyages by the
European navies. In Spain it continued to be used until the 18th
century. Its great aftercastle and forecastle give it protection,
but they prevent it from maneuvering perfectly.
Appearing in the mid-17th century, it is the first ship with three
decks armed with cannons. It is quicker and more maneuverable
than the galleon, given that its aftercastle is lower and that it
does not have a forecastle. The ship, immediately adopted by the
great European powers, is perfected and used until the 19th
Ship models of the 17th and 18th centuries were constructed by Fco. Manuel Acuña.
Printed from chetumal.com (Navigation in the Caribbean - Chetumal.com - Gateway to the Costa Maya, México)